Water and environmental projects


The village of Chapakhori – Kavre District, is located in the pre-Himalayan area of central Nepal, at an altitude of about 1600-1700 metres. Presently it is home to about 2900 people. Although there is a monsoon climate between June and late September, the remaining eight months are extremely dry. The already scarce water resources, deriving only from ground water, underwent a further serious depletion following the disastrous 2015 earthquake.

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During the rainy season the villagers make use of some natural basins, dug into the ground, to accumulate water for livestock and agricultural purposes. Although there are some supply points for water (fountains) in the village, they are almost always dry. This means that several times a day, everyday, the people of the village must make their way downstream along a valley incision (about 1000 metres, with a 150 metre difference in level), to reach the only available water source that has a very modest flow estimated at about 2lt per day per person. This supply of water is slow and requires a long wait, and the ascent along the steep slope is very tiring, especially carrying heavy water tanks on the shoulders.

Generally the families of the village live by farming, handicrafts and breeding some animals (cow or buffalo, goats, chickens); the diet is typically made up of rice, lentils and potatoes. A minimum income comes from the sale of agricultural and livestock products. Following the earthquake, the reconstruction/renovation of homes is underway in the village. The houses are made with a load-bearing structure using a mix of stone, wood and the some iron, bonded with a mixture of clay/sand, water and cement; the roof is in a blue coloured sheet metal. These houses have no running water, heating or bathrooms, but electricity is available. Each home generally has several tanks that collect rainwater from the roof in the monsoon period, that then act as storage tanks. The availability and easier accessibility of water resources will remove the risk of the inhabitants being forced to abandon their homes, lands and animals.

Aim of the project
The aim of the project – which falls within the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) n.6 of the United Nations: “Ensuring water and sanitation conditions for all in view of a sustainable world” – is the realisation of a system for the collection, accumulation and distribution of water from the source to the village.
The objective of the project – prepared after various site inspections by a hydraulic engineer and geologist – is to significantly increase the flow of the current source at the base of the hill, and then make the water easily available to the population by installing a system that pumps the water up to the village.